When multinational companies held monopoly over baby food and refused to either set up plants in India or part with the process for manufacturing baby food, scientists from CSIR developed a formula for manufacturing baby food from buffalo milk for the first time in the world. Similarly, denied a supercomputer for research purposes, CSIR scientists took up the challenge and came up with India’s first parallel processing computer – Flosolver.
Whether it is the first complete genome sequencing of an Indian or development of the first indigenous two-seater trainer aircraft, or for that matter, pioneering the DNA Fingerprinting technology in the country, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has always been at the helm of Indian science.
Initiatives and interventions of the scientists of CSIR have galvanized several sectors ranging from agriculture and pharmaceuticals to oceanography and aerospace, molecular biology to mining, medicinal plants to mechanical engineering, mathematical modelling to metrology, and even roads, buildings and the environment.
Established on 26 September 1942, the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is today a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes and 5 units. It has a pan-India presence, with about 4600 active scientists supported by about 8000 scientific and technical personnel.
Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR is granted 90% of US patents granted to any Indian publicly funded R&D organization. On an average CSIR files about 200 Indian patents and 250 foreign patents per year – a leader in filing and securing patents worldwide.
Even though the scientific staff of CSIR constitute only about 3-4% of India’s scientific manpower, they contribute to 10% of India’s scientific outputs. It has been ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020 and ninth amongst a total of 1,207 government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions ranking World Report 2017.